Submit your widget

Advanced CSS Menu

Created 9 years ago   Views 20127   downloads 3204    Author n/a
Advanced CSS Menu
View DemoDownload 43.6 KB
137
Share |

Most of you probably know how to code a horizontal or vertical CSS list menu. Now let’s take it to the next level — code an advanced (un-typical) list menu utilizing the CSS position property.

HTML source

When you are done with the graphics, let’s start coding. Start with an un-ordered list <ul>.

  • note there is an id="menu" assigned to the<ul> tag
  • an unique class name assigned to each link <a>
  • an empty <span> tag (the purpose of this is to make the mouseover effect)

 

<ul id="menu">
  <li><a href="#" class="home">Home <span></span></a></li>
  <li><a href="#" class="about">About <span></span></a></li>
  <li><a href="#" class="rss">RSS <span></span></a></li>
</ul>

 

#menu

Reset the menu to no padding, no margin, and no list-style. Specify the width and height same dimension as the menu-bg.jpg. Then attach the menu background image. The key point to remember here is set the position property to relative.

#menu {
  list-style: none;
  padding: 0;
  margin: 0;
  width: 774px;
  height: 210px;
  background: url(images/menu-bg.jpg) no-repeat;
  position: relative;
}

 

#menu span

Specify the span element to display:none (so they will be invisible by default). Specify position:absolute, so we can place the mouseover GIF image on exact position.

#menu span {
  display: none;
  position: absolute;
}

 

#menu a

The key point here is the text-indent property. We specify the text-indent property with a negative value (-900%), so the text will be hidden.

#menu a {
  display: block;
  text-indent: -900%;
  position: absolute;
  outline: none;
}

 

#menu a:hover

When mouseover the link, we want to shift the background image from top to bottom

#menu a:hover {
  background-position: left bottom;
}

 

#menu a:hover span

When mouseover the link, we want the span element to display:block.

#menu a:hover span {
  display: block;
}

 

#menu .home

Specify the width, height, and background image. Since we already specified all <a> element postition:absolute in previous step, now just say where the .home button should be by specifying the left and top property.

#menu .home {
  width: 144px;
  height: 58px;
  background: url(images/home.gif) no-repeat;
  left: 96px;
  top: 73px;
}

 

#menu .home span

Here we are specifying the width, height, background, and position of the span element of .home (mouseover GIF image)

#menu .home span {
  width: 86px;
  height: 14px;
  background: url(images/home-over.gif) no-repeat;
  left: 28px;
  top: -20px;
}

 

#menu .about

Copy the .home rules and rename them to .about. Now just change the width, height, background, left, and top property.

#menu .about {
  width: 131px;
  height: 51px;
  background: url(images/about.gif) no-repeat;
  left: 338px;
  top: 97px;
}
#menu .about span {
  width: 40px;
  height: 12px;
  background: url(images/about-over.gif) no-repeat;
  left: 44px;
  top: 54px;
}

 

#menu .rss

Repeat this step for .rss

#menu .rss {
  width: 112px;
  height: 47px;
  background: url(images/rss.gif) no-repeat;
  left: 588px;
  top: 94px;
}
#menu .rss span {
  width: 92px;
  height: 20px;
  background: url(images/rss-over.gif) no-repeat;
  left: 26px;
  top: -20px;
}

 

All in one:

 

#menu {
  list-style: none;
  padding: 0;
  margin: 0;
  width: 774px;
  height: 210px;
  background: url(images/menu-bg.jpg) no-repeat;
  position: relative;
}
#menu span {
  display: none;
  position: absolute;
}
#menu a {
  display: block;
  text-indent: -900%;
  position: absolute;
  outline: none;
}
#menu a:hover {
  background-position: left bottom;
}
#menu a:hover span {
  display: block;
}

#menu .home {
  width: 144px;
  height: 58px;
  background: url(images/home.gif) no-repeat;
  left: 96px;
  top: 73px;
}
#menu .home span {
  width: 86px;
  height: 14px;
  background: url(images/home-over.gif) no-repeat;
  left: 28px;
  top: -20px;
}

#menu .about {
  width: 131px;
  height: 51px;
  background: url(images/about.gif) no-repeat;
  left: 338px;
  top: 97px;
}
#menu .about span {
  width: 40px;
  height: 12px;
  background: url(images/about-over.gif) no-repeat;
  left: 44px;
  top: 54px;
}

#menu .rss {
  width: 112px;
  height: 47px;
  background: url(images/rss.gif) no-repeat;
  left: 588px;
  top: 94px;
}
#menu .rss span {
  width: 92px;
  height: 20px;
  background: url(images/rss-over.gif) no-repeat;
  left: 26px;
  top: -20px;
}

 

Done

That’s it.